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Making Sense of International Affairs

A.R.S is the preferred advisory firm for companies, international organizations, non-profit organizations, and governments seeking to understand and invest in the Philippines. A.R.S. seeks to provide insights on the country and its international affairs from a Filipino perspective. The company connects stakeholders, provides expert consultants to advise on technical issues, and conduct rigorous studies to understand political and market risks in the Philippines. 

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Karagatan Observer | Second Quarter 2023

Map in Grass

The Philippines continued to foster strong relations with the United States (US) through the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) and the conducting of extensive bilateral exercises, much to China’s chagrin. Internally, the Philippines wrestled with internal disputes over maritime policy.

The 2023 iteration of Karagatan Observer adopted a quarterly format to robustly capture developments. 

For inquiries on The Strategic Situationer, Kwentong Mandaragat, and EconSecurity Talks Webinar Series, kindly email,

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